Archive for October, 2012

Verse 11

“So, while keeping to your respective stations in several divisions, all of you should doubtlessly protect Bheeshm alone on all sides.”

Duryodhan is very confident about the power and valour of Bheeshm who would be inconquerable in the war. and till he is alive the victory of the Kuru army is destined. And so he orders the soldiers not to fight the Pandu’s but to keep protecting only Bheeshm from the opponent army’s attacks.

Also the only danger would be from the opponent army was from Shikhandi who was a female in previous birth and a female in current birth too who turned into a male just to fight the war. He was given this blessing by Lord Shiva after great penance that he could kill Bheeshm. And Bheeshm had vowed that he would not fight a female so Shikhandi had turned into a male. Yet Bheeshm didn’t want to fight him and he’d decided to not attack him if he was confronted by him. And so Shikhandi was a big terror to Duryodhan, and could be the reason of Kuru army’s ill fate. So Duryodhan asks soldiers to protect Bheeshm only, and if they could successfully do it then there was only Victory for the Kauravas…

The point to ponder here is what kind of defender is Bheeshm who cannot defend himself, and the Kaurav army was wholly dependant on him for winning the war.



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Verse 9, 10

Verse 9

“And there are many skilled warriors, too, equipped with numerous arms, who have forsaken hope of life for my sake.”

Here Duryodhan tells Dronacharya that there are many soldiers who are here to fight the war just for his sake. He says this just to make him ready for the war too… The massive Kuru army that was being rallied by the sons of Dhritshtra, the forces that they’d built for them and the skilled Kaurav army that was ready for obstruct and destroy the opponent army. The skilled warfare that was trained and brought up till today just to fight against the good.

[The strength that Kuru army had was beyond compare if we just see it materially, as they had more number of soldiers on their sides and also more weapons which literally would mean they are going to be cleanly victorious. But the truth of following the right duties or Dharma that comes from within and gives you strength and makes you inconquerable wasn’t visible to Duryodhana. Which was the biggest strength of the Pandu army… ]

Verse 10

“Our army defended by Bheeshm is inconquerable, while their army defended by Bheem is easy to vanquish”

All the confidence of winning the war, and victory being easy was coming to Duryodhan just with the presence of Bheeshm. Bheeshm with his mighty abilities and divine powers was almost inconquerable till now, and this was the sole reason why Duryodhan was strolling past his army with a broad chest full with pride of being on the side where there were more mighty people and more number of soldiers.

Bheeshm was more mighty according to Duryodhan and Bheem on the opposite army was no cmpetition for him. His army would easily be defeated by the tact and skilled army led by Bheeshm.

While on the other side he also feared that having Bheeshm as a chief was a weak point for their army; as Bheeshm was in Dyryodhan’s army  yet he was on both sides which would make him weak. While the army head on Pandu’s side was Bheem who was purely on their side which made him more deadly for the Kuru army.

[In real life too people feel having more powers and possessions makes us victorious though some mis-deeds are done. But the one who is following the path of honesty and truth is always more stronger from within and will always be supported & protected by Nature.]

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Verse 7,8

“Be it known to you, O the worthiest of the twice-born, the names of those who are most eminent amongst us, the chiefs of our army; these I now name for your information”

Dyryodhan appreciates the teacher as the “twice-born” and asks him to see the chiefs of their own army. He is trying to show his good appreciative conduct towards the teacher, but “twice-born” used instead “brahmin” is hardly helping him to fulfill this.

Duryodhan now after describing Pandu’s army in short, he goes ahead admiring the valour of the brave defenders on his side which is poised to destroy the forces of wisdom in Pandus army.

Verse 8 

“Your venerable self, Bheeshm and Karn, and also Kripa victor in wars, Ashwatthama and Vikarn, as well as Saumdutti”

King Duryodhana having reviewed the strong forces in the opponent army now tries to pacify his mind by adressing his teacher the great valiant people on his army. Dronacharya is himself the dual nature who is the commander in chief of their army, Bhishma the intense, Karna the betrayer of the sacred self, the conquerer Kripacharya, Ashwattdhama the latent desire, Vikarna, Bhurishrava and Saumdutti all form of material action and bodily attachment.

The whole concept of war that was raging in mind of Duryodhan was based on haste and pride and ego. His decision of declaring war was opposed by many from his kingdom, almost all teacher’s and elders warned him but he didn’t want to budge from it. And so there was always a point in his mind where he might feel his wrong decision and guilt/fear factor that might be coming up now and then but he tries to supress it and shows that he’s ready for the war. He actually is ready for the war, but people on his side are doing it just for the sake of it. They are standing on his side just because they belong to his kingdom. But Duryodhan doesn’t understand it their way. he feels his victory is destined so he has such valiant people on his side. And so his entire mind is covered with pride, victory, guilt, etc emotions which themselves are covering his inner light’s wisdom to flow out and communicate with him. This happens when a man wants only to be connected to the materialistic world, the real spiritual aspects then stay hidden from him.

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Verse 4, 5, 6

Verse 4

“Here in the army are many valiant archers, Yuyudhan, Virat, and the great martial comander Drupad, who are a worthy match for the brave Arjun and Bheem, and…”

The army of Pandus was complete with the bravery of Bheem, the devotional yet expert archer Arjun, along with other valiant warriors like Satyaki, Virat and Drupad who were spiritually quite steadfast on their paths which made them utterly inconquerable on war front. Which is why being more in number the Kuru army’s king was yet counting on the forces of the opponents, which shows his weaknesses or maybe fears of defeat.

Verse 5

“Dhrishtketu Chekitan, and the mighty King of Kashi, as well as Purujeet and Kuntibhoj, and Shaibya, the unparalled among men and…. “

Duryodhan explains further the qualities of the opponent army, Dhrishtketu who has power  of mental resistance, Chekitan the Spiritual Memory holder who could control his thoughts and place them only where he wanted them to go. The King of Kashi the discriminative intelligence, Purujeet the victor of all forms of matter, Kuntibhoj who conquers the world by doing the right worldly duties at the right time, and the Shaibya who has a power of mental adherence.

All these were lined in the Pandu’s army, each waiting for the righteous war to begin which allowed them to show their worth turn after turn.

Verse 6

“The valorous Yudhmanyu, the mighty Uttmauj, Saubhabra abd Draudapi’s five sons”

The great yudhmanyu with name flowing utterly with war based energy which he actually possessed, a fit-for-war temper; Uttmauj, Abhimanyu who’s Subhadra’s son the ultimate learner of war art before birth who was utterly fearless, the five son’s of Draupadi all of them having their abilities of steadfastness, bravery, as well as devotion well inherited from their father’s.

Thus Duryodhan tells his teacher about few names in the Pandu’s army that are par excellence. And then turns over to tell his teacher about his own army….

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Verse 3

“Behold o master this massive army of Pandu’s sons marshalled in battle formation by your wise pupil, the son of Drupad (Drishtdyumn). “

The son of Drupad is a determined mind that has faith in the universal reality, and thus he is put as the master here for the Pandu’s side of army where he can lead their army in the dharma yuddha.

Duryodhan having keen materialistic desire is completely drenched in them whereas son of Drupad being a true seer of truth and false as it is, is clear from all kind of attachments but is also a well trained disciple of Drona who has mastered his skills for war.

Who is considered a strong opponent in the war, and thus Duryodhan addresses him.

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Verse 2

सजं य उवाच ।
ा त ु पाडवानीकं ढू ं यधनदा ।
आचायम पु सगं  राजा वचनमवीत ॥् १-२॥

Sanjay said – after seeing the Pandav army standing in battle array, King Duryodhan approached his teacher Dronacharya and spoke

When in life we want to attain worldly pleasures and get aloof from the real dharma of following the truth, we get astray from the real wisdom understanding/wisdom of life, it is due to this reason that Duryodhan who is blinded by materialistic pleasures and false pomp of victory to be achieved in war he is going to his guru. His vision is blurred by the greed of power and so the need to go to a guru and ask his advice arises for him.


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The Bhagwad Geeta Shloka 1

धतृ रा उवाच ।
धम े े कुे े समवते ा ययु ु वः ।
मामकाः पाडवावै िकमकुवत सजं य ॥१-१॥

Dhritrashtra asks Sanjaya- What did my and Pandava’s sons do, at the Dharmakshetra, Kurukshetra?

Here Dhritrashtra is asking Sanjay what were his and Pandus sons doing at the Dharmakshetra or Kurukshetra, the battle field is referred to as Dharmakshetra, this is because the war was believed to be a war based on dharma; it is called a dhrama-yuddh fought for getting ones rights.

Dhritrashtra is a seer or believer of truth but at this time when his and Pandus sons are facing each other he is bound to percieve the truth the way he wants, and that is the good prevailing on the side of Kuru’s.

The Bhagwad geeta is not just about the learnings of the outer war between the Kauravas and the Pandavas but also about the war that lies within the human minds. There are the greed, abuse of power, selfishness, jealousy etc that are the some negative aspects of the human mind which wage a war when a person wants to do some good for others.

Whenever people try to do good to others these negativities emerge up and fight a war like to supress that thought ofthe being.

Dhrishtra’s mind also is having such a war within himself as he is blinded by the love for his son who is on the wrong path or adharma.

What is your perception/explanation for this verse –

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