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Archive for November, 2012

Verse 34, 35

“And all will for ever speak of your disgrace and such disgrace is worse than death itself for a man of honor”
When you don’t stand up for your rights then there are lot of disgraceful rumors that will spread for you. A man of respect has to continuously maintain it. This is a process that will go through out a man’s life. When he stops doing it, that is if he stops working towards it; by letting people to insult him or hurt him or do anything wrong to him then people would talk about you. This will happen till you say something to clean the dirt others have splashed on you.
And any man of honor wont want this to happen. This would be worse then dying, death is painful to accept but its the ultimate truth so no one can escape it. But to escape from doing right towards oneself will be even more painful then death. As there is less truth in it, and a soul will be at peace only being true to itself.
“Even the great warriors who have a high regard for you will then scorn you for having turned your back upon the war out of fear.”
The great warriors who have high regard for you will not respect you. The sign of a real warrior is when he fights for rights of everyone, maybe for others or even for himself. A Kshatriya is supposed to bring truth in life of people. A person who lets truth in his own life, who allows good to prevail in his life only then he can let good happen to others.
When a Kshatriya doesn’t do this then it is considered as a cowardice on his part. A brave Kshatriya always fights for rights of everyone. And if he doesn’t do it then is considered as a coward and not facing the truth. This usually is done by fear. And being fearful/coward is the biggest insult to a Kshatriya.

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Verse 32,33

“Blessed indeed are the Kshatriya, who without seeking come upon such a war which is like an open door to heaven.”
The Kshatriya class has only one Dharma that is to fight a war according to the rules. The Kshatriya is supposed to be a king and be a protector of his people. When there are certain people that are harming the people of one’s kingdom the Kshatriya is supposed to punish the wrong doers and save the good ones. The war that they were in was a similar one, here they were fighting for their own rights; they were been kept devoid of a kingdom which they deserved. Not only this they built their own kingdom when not given by the Kuru’s and still that kingdom too was taken away from them by the sinful Kuru’s. This war was right in its place and would serve as a door to heaven to the Pandu’s if they fought it as it was for their own rights.
“And if you do not engage in the righteous war, you will loose the dharma of yourself and Glory and be guilty of sin”
There is a human tendency of getting into negative patterns towards the self when anyone keeps allowing continuously other’s to harm them and their self-respect. It is the right of every human to protect one’s dignity and raise respect in others’ eyes, towards themselves by right means. If people are giving trouble then it is your right to protect your identity by standing your grounds and not moving back when you are right. When you don’t do this, there is a lot of guilt that keeps building up. Your mind does not allow your body to take this insult and your body falls into a trap of guilt towards self for not protecting your self-respect in front of others.

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Verse 29, 30, 31

“Only a seer views the Soul as a marvel, another one describes him as a marvel, and yet another one hears him as marvel. While there are some who hear him and yet know him not.”
Krishna says that only enlightened sages have known the soul in this way. There are various ways by which one can know a soul, a rare sage sees a soul as a soul rather then hearing of him or any other way. There are also rare sages that describe the soul as a a self, and yet another seeker seeks him as a wonder, while other hears the soul as the wonder. And also there are souls that hear about the wonder and yet not know him at all.
“Since the self dwelling in all bodies is un-slay-able, O Bharat, it does not befit you to grieve for living beings.”

Again Krishna repeats the same feeling by saying these verse that as self is indestructible there is no point of mourning over the killing of the bodies. There is a same kind of verse before this one too, yet Krishna says this again this shows Krishna’s love for Arjuna; Arjuna was not yet convinced to get up and fight. Krishna wanted Arjun to fight this war and so was repeatedly coaxing him to get up shake away his depression and fight like a brave warrior.
“In view of your own Dharma, too, it is unworthy of you to fear, for there is nothing more propitious for a Kshatriya then a righteous war.”
Then explains it in the sense of the way Arjuna takes it, Krishna says that as you are a Kshatriya then it is your Dharma to fight this war. A war that was raised due to the ill treatment from the Kurus and keeping devoid of their own kingdom. Pandu’s ought to fight this war as they should surely stand up for their rights which Krishna wanted.

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Verse 26,27, 28

“You ought not to grieve, O mighty armed, even if you think of him as ever born and ever dying.”
The soul even if it is ever born and ever dying still Krishna asks Arjun not to grieve over it as, when the soul continuously births and dies then too it is being constantly given the chance to continuously be in existence.
And when the soul is getting a chance of being constantly into existence then where does the question arise of mourning over it.
“Since this also proves the certain death of what is born and the certain birth of what dies, you ought not to grieve over the inevitable.”
It is not right to moan over the law of the universe, according to “cause and its effect law” the soul is destined to change it mortal destinations. The soul due to getting caught in delusion has to pass through a series of births and deaths to pay to the justice of cause and its effect.
“Why grieve over the matter, O Bharat when beings, disembodied before birth and disembodied after death, appear to possess a body only between the two events?”
The body is a composition of five elements that are matter, the matter comes to the self while creation and goes away while destruction, why to grieve over this. The self possesses body only in between these two events, otherwise the self is as it is. Then why should Arjun grieve over it?

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Verse 24, 25

“The Self, which cannot be pierced or burnt or made wet or faded, is uninterrupted, all-pervasive, constant, immovable, and eternal.”
The soul cannot be burnt, cut, pierced; the self is beyond doubt, fresh, omnipresent, immovable, constant and everlasting. Arjun considered that family dharma would be destroyed if the war took place, but Dharma is something beyond it. Dharma is something that is contained within the soul and when the soul cannot be destroyed then how was it going to destroy the Dharma.

 
During the olden times there were customs that were quite misunderstood, the water touched by some lower castes was considered as impure for the use of the brahmins. Same way some misguided traditions had also prevailed during the time of Arjuna, he thought that the destruction of family would result in destruction of their family traditions.
“Knowing that self is manifest, a non-object to the senses, incomprehensible because he is a non-object to the mind, and changeless, it does not befit you to grieve.”
The soul is un-manifest and is not an object of senses. When there was no creation, even then the soul existed. The spirit also existed unmoved when the universe spumed into existence and also will exist when the creation is winding up to again get into zeroness.
The self is not an object to any senses, also he is not an object of mind and so incomprehensible. And is ever changeless. So there is nothing to grieve over it.

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Verse 22,23

“Like a man who discards his worn out clothes and wear new clothes, the self also casts off tattered bodies and transmigrates into other bodies that are new.”
Like we discard old dirty clothes and wear clean new clothes, a Soul also drops away a body that is no more able to handle life in it and changes into another body, one that is quite new, fresh and clean to hold life in it.
The Soul is said to be intelligent enough to know the right time to leave a body and enter a new one. The soul knows the time for the body to live, after which the body would loose its life holding capacity. And it goes away just at the right time.
People sometimes complain about Deaths, because they cannot accept the fact why a soul would leave such a body. But the soul knows how worth that body was for carrying them.
“This Self, is neither pierced by weapons, nor burnt by fire, nor can be made wet by water, nor dried up by the wind.”
The soul is the damageless, it cannot be hurt by weapons, nor can it be burned by fire, made to drown in water or made wet with water or dried up by the wind, nor carried away by the wind.
Thus saying Krishna continues to teach the knowledge that Arjuna was supposed to know even before the war, but his attachment with family made him not look at the true known facts that were actually true and would help him to fight the war for his rights even better.

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Verse 20,21

 

“Neither born nor dying, neither at any time coming into being nor ceasing to be, the Self is birthless perpetual, unchanging, and timeless, and he is not destroyed when the body is destroyed.”
Birthing, Death, ageing, growing of the human body doesnot make any difference to the soul, the coming into existence or getting out of existence the Self or the Soul is said to be birthless. Its remarkable that when any soul is born he is aware of all this knowledge that Krishna is giving, yet here only Krishna is appearing wise and Arjuna seems ignorant.
Before entering this plane we all decide our life and its paths, all difficulties we want to face etc, and so in order to suffer in certain ways the soul decides to suffer by being ignorant. And then after the decided period of suffering there is another soul appointed who enters the ignorant’s life and gives him the knowledge that opens the veil of ignorance that soul was wearing.
“How can he, O Parth, who is conscious of the soul within as imperishable, permanent, birthless, and immutable, kill or move to kill?”
The one who is conscious of the Soul within as immortal, imperishable, permanent, birthless can say that he is killing someone or is getting killed by someone.
The idea behind telling this is just to awaken Arjun to the correct knowledge and fght for his rights. This knowledge usually exists and people are aware of it, but the real value of knowledge comes in when its out to use at the Right time. Being in a good state and following such teachings is a childs play, but accepting this wisdom at such a time at ware-front abd then moving ahead and completing the task would prove this knowledge to be worthy!

 

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